Stalin was one of the bloodiest tyrants in world history. He rose to this unprecedented level of power as a result of his capabilities and his understanding of the workings of the Communist Party. Stalin translated these strengths into total control of the Soviet Union after the Russian Civil War Stalin was not the natural successor of Vladimir Leninbut he was able to use his position within the Soviet Communist Party to become the undisputed leader of the Soviet Union.
His pseudonym, Stalin, means "man of the steel hand". In the Russian Civil War that followed, Stalin forged connections with various Red Army generals and eventually acquired military powers of his own.
He brutally suppressed counter-revolutionaries and bandits. After winning the civil war, the Bolsheviks moved to expand the revolution into Europe, starting with Polandwhich was fighting the Red Army in Ukraine. Frustrated by the squabbling factions within the Communist Party during what he saw as a time of crisis, Lenin convinced the Tenth Congress to pass a ban on any opposition to official Central Committee policy the Ban on Factionsa law which Stalin would later exploit to expel his enemies.
Following the invasion, Stalin adopted particularly hardline, centralist policies towards Soviet Georgiawhich included severe repression of opposition to the Bolsheviks, and to opposition within the local Communist Party e.
With this power, he would steadily place his supporters in positions of authority. On 25 MayLenin suffered a stroke while recovering from surgery to remove a bullet lodged in his neck since a failed assassination attempt in August Severely debilitated, he went into semi-retirement and moved to his dacha in Gorki.
After this, prominent Bolsheviks were concerned about who would take over if Lenin actually died. Lenin and Trotsky had more of a personal and theoretical relationship, while Lenin and Stalin had more of a political and apparatical relationship.
Yet, Stalin visited Lenin often, acting as his intermediary with the outside world. As their relationship deteriorated, Lenin dictated increasingly disparaging notes on Stalin in what would become his testament.
Lenin died on 21 January Stalin was given the honour of organizing his funeral. At the Thirteenth Party Congress in Mayit was read out only to the heads of the provincial delegations. While the triumvirate remained intact throughout and the early months ofZinoviev and Kamenev did not regard Stalin highly as a revolutionary theorist, and often disparaged him in private even as they had aided him publicly against Trotsky and the Left Opposition.
Stalin proposed the theory of Socialism in One Country in Octoberwhich Bukharin soon elaborated upon to give it a theoretical justification. Zinoviev and Kamenev suddenly found themselves in a minority at the Fourteenth Party Conference in Aprilover their belief that socialism could only be achieved internationally, which resulted in the triumvirate splitting up.
With Trotsky mostly sidelined with a persistent illness duringZinoviev and Kamenev then formed the New Opposition against Stalin. Trotsky remained silent throughout this Congress.
|Cult of personality lampooned||The rise of Stalin Joseph Stalin right seated next to his predecessor as Soviet leader, Vladimir Lenin The world knows Joseph Stalin as a brutal dictator who ruled the Soviet Union from the late s to his death in|
|Campaign against the Left and Right Opposition The neutrality and factual accuracy of this section is disputed.|
|Early life of Joseph Stalin Stalin was born on December 18, in Gori, Georgia to a family of limited financial means.|
In earlyZinoviev and Kamenev drew closer to Trotsky and the Left Opposition, forming an alliance which became known as the United Opposition. The United Opposition demanded, among other things, greater freedom of expression within the Communist Party and less bureaucracy.
During the years of andSoviet policy toward the Chinese Revolution became the ideological line of demarcation between Stalin and the United Opposition. In reality, however, the Republic controlled very little of the country. Much of China was divided between various regional warlords. Inthe Kuomintang opened relations with Soviet Russia.
With the development of the nationalist army, a Northern Expedition was planned to smash the power of the warlords of the northern part of the country. This Northern Expedition became a point of contention over foreign policy by Stalin and Trotsky.
Stalin tried to persuade the small Chinese Communist Party to merge with the Kuomintang KMT Nationalists to bring about a bourgeois revolution before attempting to bring about a Soviet-style working class revolution.
Trotsky wanted the Communist Party to complete an orthodox proletarian revolution and have clear class independence from the KMT.
Stalin funded the KMT during the expedition.
However, Chiang quickly reversed the tables in the Shanghai massacre of April by massacring the Communist Party in Shanghai midway through the Northern Expedition. Attacks against the United Opposition increased in volatility and ferocity. Trotsky, Kamenev, and Zinoviev grew increasingly isolated and were ejected from the Central Committee in October While Trotsky remained firm in his opposition to Stalin after his expulsion from the Communist Party and his subsequent exile, Zinoviev and Kamenev capitulated almost immediately, and called on their supporters to follow suit.The Guardian’s Peter Bradshaw said The Death of Stalin was the film of the year and gave it five stars.
Many in Russia are less amused, however, as the film threatens to reopen heated Russian. Joseph Stalin or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin, was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mids until his death in More Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolution of , Stalin was appointed general secretary of the party's Central Committee in The Death of Stalin was released on the eve of the centenary of the Bolshevik takeover of the Russian Revolution on November 7 (Although by the old style calender used in Russia at the time.
Nov 12, · After his death, the Soviets initiated a de-Stalinization process. he took the name Stalin, from the Russian for “man of steel.” the 24th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution. In later propaganda, Stalin was presented in posters and other images as being by Lenin’s side during the Revolution, but Stalin appears to have played only a minor role in the Revolution.
 However, Stalin made his reputation during the Russian Civil War.
Stalin took a prominent and very public role in the mourning of the leader, but in fact Lenin's death put him in a jubilant mood.
However, the death did bring Stalin his share of difficulties: Lenin's Testament, with its warning against Stalin and suggestion that he be removed from leadership, was read at the next Central Committee meeting.