History, Culture and Contemporary Politics Lecturer: Galina Yemelianova Academic Year: What are the causes of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and the options for its resolution?
There is no common border, no Russian troops in Karabakh, and no direct relations with Moscow. But even so, the simmering conflict provides Russia with tremendous leverage in the South Caucasus — a region Moscow considers to be its backyard.
After the collapse of the Tsarist regime in Russia, Karabakh became a disputed territory between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
This uneasy arrangement lasted until the Soviet Union started to disintegrate in the late s. Serious inter-ethnic clashes erupted in after the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast voted to join Armenia. Moscow rejected this decision and sent troops to Yerevan to calm the situation but to no avail. Inter-ethnic clashes intensified and, by earlyArmenia and Azerbaijan were at war.
While there were several attempts to end the fighting, it was Russia that managed to mediate a ceasefire, in May Today, Russia remains the main mediator in the conflict.
Yet its actual interest in resolving the conflict is dubious.
This dissertation focuses on the conflict of Nagorno-Karabakh; the origins of the conflict, its present state and the possible future. Throughout the dissertation several key aspects and theories of International relations are analysed, such as: people’s right to self determination, the concept of nation-state and conflict resolution. But for Nagorno-Karabakh, this is close to an uprising. The unrecognized republic – accepted internationally as part of Azerbaijan, but controlled since by ethnic Armenian forces – is not a place that sees much public dissent. Photo essay | Muslims in Moscow celebrate Kurban Bayram. Pashinyan effect spreads to Nagorno-Karabakh. What are your Thoughts on the Future of the Nagorno Karabagh, and what are you Hope sand Opinions for a Peaceful Resolution of the Present Conflict Nagorno-Karabakh, authoritatively the Republic of Artsakh is an unrecognized republic in the South Caucasus. The area is considered by the UN to be a piece of Azerbaijan, however is.
While Russia does not want a major outbreak of hostilities, it is questionable whether it actually wants a resolution to the conflict. It provides Russia with the greatest leverage it could hope for in this part of the South Caucasus.
In order to maintain this status quo, Moscow strives for parity between the Azeri and Armenian sides, in part by selling arms to both — all this while being allied with Armenia. The Russian security presence and the absence of diplomatic relations Ever since the ceasefire inanalysts have discussed the possibility of deploying international peacekeepers to the conflict zone.
Although there is an understanding among the three co-chairs that none of them would provide peacekeepers in the event of a settlement, Russia has eyed-up the possibility of deploying troops.
This would provide Moscow with increased leverage over Armenia and Azerbaijan and influence in the region. It is for this reason that the sides are sceptical of the prospect of Russian troops in the enclave.
Although Russia has some 5, troops in Armenia, the Karabakhis have never demonstrated any wish to host peacekeepers, saying that only the Karabakh army can be the guarantor of their own security. The four-day battle in April, when Azerbaijan took Karabakh positions on the Line of Contact, raised the possibility once more of deploying peacekeepers.
Moreover, neither of the active parties nor the US or France would accept a contingent of Russian peacekeepers alone in the conflict zone. Even without boots on the ground, Moscow retains considerable leverage over both sides.
It has two military bases in Armenia and sells arms to Yerevan at reduced prices. Although it does not cover Karabakh, the territory can still benefit indirectly, receiving cheap weaponry through Armenia. But Russia sells weaponry to Azerbaijan as well, arming both sides in the conflict.
By selling weapons to both sides, Russia keeps them dependent on Moscow, which can pull different strings to control the security balance in the region. This criticism increased after the recent fighting in April, when Azerbaijan used weaponry purchased from Russia.
Nagorno-Karabakh has no official political or diplomatic ties with Russia. But some members of the Russian State Duma have visited Karabakh to observe elections or attend other events. However, there is Karabakhi representation in Moscow, even though it does not have diplomatic status.Former minister of defense of Nagorno-Karabakh Samvel Babayan stated that the territories gained by Azerbaijan have strategic importance, and they were lost by Armenians within one hour.
Karabakh and Armenia government rejected his criticism. Nagorno-Karabakh: A threat to stability and US interests By Nasimi Aghayev — 07/02/14 PM EDT The views expressed by contributors are their own and not the view of The Hill.
Essay. Stepan Danielyan & Knar Babayan 01st September, Tweet; Print; What role does Russia play in Nagorno-Karabakh? The flare-up in Nagorno-Karabakh in April again raised questions as to the extent of Moscow’s influence and role in the South Caucasus. It is quite clear that Karabakh is the only post-Soviet de facto state that is.
1. A soldier from the Nagorno-Karabakh armed forces at a front-line post near Talish. 2. A military jeep from the Nagorno-Karabakh armed forces approaches a base in Talish.
The Nagorno-Karabakh War was an ethnic and territorial conflict that took place in the late s to May , in the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh in southwestern Azerbaijan, between the majority ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh backed by the Republic of Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The Four-Day War or April War, began along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact on 1 April with the Artsakh Defense Army, backed by the Armenian Armed Forces, on one side and the Azerbaijani Armed Forces on the other.
The clashes occurred in a region that is disputed between the de facto Republic of Artsakh and schwenkreis.com region includes Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.