Researchers at the University of Montana found so many different definitions among the students they studied that they had to come up with a precise definition to be sure everybody was talking about the same thing. But the lead author of their study, published in the journal Health Communications, said in a telephone interview that ambiguity is not necessarily a bad thing. It adds that most students "describe hookups as spontaneous sexual encounters fueled by alcohol that usually unfold without communication about sexual health and consent or protection against sexually transmitted infections. It starts at a party, frequently at a frat or sorority house, where there is plenty of booze.
The research cited in this essay was first published in Like buildings, household utensils, and decorative artwork, words are indicators of human culture. They even offer an advantage over physical objects, in that words can communicate information about the tangibles of life — about the thoughts, beliefs, and values of their users.
Even though the Indo-Europeans of five thousand years ago cannot be identified by a trail of physical objects, in a well-known essay in The American Heritage Dictionary, Calvert Watkins is able to speculate about their culture by examining their words. This chapter traces the slang lexicon of American college students over the years as a way of coming to a better understanding of their culture.
Creative use of language by students dates back to medieval times Good evidence of the use of slang by American college students dates only from the mid-nineteenth century. However, the creative use of language by students in grumbling to one another about their lot in life and about those in authority over them must date in western Europe from the earliest days of the medieval universities.
To keep check on ribald, quarrelsome, and blasphemous speech among students, college statutes mandated a combination of silence and the use of Latin Rait Students undoubtedly did use the vernacular, or there would be no need for lupi, and most likely they developed slang in their own language too.
But, because of the oral and ephemeral nature of slang vocabulary, a direct, unbroken line of descent from earlier usage cannot be taken for granted.
Our knowledge of college slang in the United States during the nineteenth century relies heavily on two sources, B.
These three sources reveal a slang vocabulary concerned with campus landmarks, rivalry among the classes, making a fashionable appearance, eating and socializing, and studying as little as possible.
The use of a translation for recitation in Greek and Latin classes was commonplace, and the metaphor of riding a horse gave rise to pony, horse, trot, taking a ride, riding a pony, and others.
By current standards, the mid-nineteenth-century college slang lexicon is spare both in size and in meaning, reflecting a social reality: Most of the colleges were private or church affiliated and for young men.
College students were younger then, usually entering at age fourteen or fifteen. Those who attended were ordinarily from privileged backgrounds or intended for the ministry. Even if they used slang to talk about delicate topics with their college chums, the norms of social interaction prevented their mentioning the topics or disclosing their slang in wider circles or, especially, writing such words down.
During the s and s, college enrollments almost doubled. The number of colleges likewise increased, particularly public ones. Many were coeducational, admitting women as well as men.
The children of small farmers, merchants, and immigrants now claimed seats in college classrooms. Public interest in college slang at that time is shown by the many short and usually anecdotal articles on the topic published in the newspapers and magazines. American Notes and Queries, for example, in November carried a list of twenty slang expressions from Harvard and three weeks later a comparable list from Hampden Sydney College in Virginia.
In college social circles, fraternities and their members are called Greeks. One who is not Greek, then, is not a member of a fraternity — and by implication is also a barbarian.
In Willard C. In the spring and fall semesters ofhe asked two hundred second- and third- year students in a rhetoric course at the University of Michigan to collect and define current student slang that they heard or read.
Gore submitted the list of about five hundred words and phrases to the vote of a class of sixty-five students. About 10 percent of the entries refer to types of people still familiar on college campuses: Almost as many terms are evaluative adjectives: Several are expressions of support, like I should say and too utterly too too.
However, unlike more recent collections, the Michigan list contains fewer than ten items each that refer to females or to overindulgence in alcohol, and words with sexual implications are almost entirely absent. The results of responses from eighty-seven schools are reported in a thousand-item word list accompanied by a perceptive seventeen-page essay.
The privy continues to inspire… In broad categories the college slang of the turn of the century is comparable to that of the s and s. Fully one-third of the items in the national survey refer to the persons, places, requirements, rituals, and difficulties that students encounter in their role as students.
There are more terms for failure than for success Particularly plentiful are words for performing in classroom recitation or on examinations, with more terms for failure than for success. Students who recite though unprepared cheek it, go on general principles, muscle, or make a stab.Jun 01, · In a sample of 1, college students, among the students who had engaged in oral sex, anal sex, or vaginal intercourse in their most recent hookup, only % reported using a condom (Lewis et al., ).
Moreover, in a sample of 1, college students, among the students who had engaged in oral sex, anal sex or vaginal intercourse in their most recent hookup, only percent reported using a condom (Lewis et al., ).
In the United States, one-time sexual encounters among college-aged students are growing increasingly common; nearly 70% of people in this age group have partaken in casual sex at least once because of their newfound adult identities and freedom to explore their sexualities.
Research on casual sex ("hooking up") among college students has found all of the following EXCEPT hooking up gives both men and women more sexual options. Among college students who were sexually assaulted, 35% of attempted rapes occurred on dates, 22% of threatened rapes occurred on dates, and 12% of completed rapes occurred on dates.
60% of acquaintance rapes on college campuses occur in casual or steady dating relationships. Recently, The New York Times cited a study that casual sex wasn't as satisfying for women as it was for men. The main criteria the study, which involved college students (and, incidentally.