Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil Warbegan in Atlanta on November 15,and concluded in Savannah on December 21, Union general William T. Sherman abandoned his supply line and marched across Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean to prove to the Confederate population that its government could not protect the people from invaders. He practiced psychological warfare; he believed that by marching an army across the state he would demonstrate to the world that the Union had a power the Confederacy could not resist.
Hood had taken the bulk of forces in Georgia on his campaign to Tennessee in hopes of diverting Sherman to pursue him. Considering Sherman's military priorities however, this tactical maneuver by his enemy to get out of his force's path was welcomed to the point of remarking, "If he will go to the Ohio River, I'll give him rations.
Smith 's Georgia militia had about 3, soldiers, most of whom were boys and elderly men.
The Cavalry Corps of Maj. Joseph Wheelerreinforced by a brigade under Brig. Jacksonhad approximately 10, troopers. During the campaign, the Confederate War Department brought in additional men from Florida and the Carolinas, but they never were able to increase their effective force beyond 13, Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Both U. Grant had serious reservations about Sherman's plans.
Sherman recounted in his memoirs the scene when he left at 7 a. We rode out of Atlanta by the Decatur road, filled by the marching troops and wagons of the Fourteenth Corps; and reaching the hill, just outside of the old rebel works, we naturally paused to look back upon the scenes of our past battles.
We stood upon the very ground whereon was fought the bloody battle of July 22d, and could see the copse of wood where McPherson fell.
Behind us lay Atlanta, smouldering and in ruins, the black smoke rising high in air, and hanging like a pall over the ruined city. Away off in the distance, on the McDonough road, was the rear of Howard's column, the gun-barrels glistening in the sun, the white-topped wagons stretching away to the south; and right before us the Fourteenth Corps, marching steadily and rapidly, with a cheery look and swinging pace, that made light of the thousand miles that lay between us and Richmond.
Some band, by accident, struck up the anthem of " John Brown's Body "; the men caught up the strain, and never before or since have I heard the chorus of "Glory, glory, hallelujah!
Sherman, Memoirs of General W. Savannah Campaign Sherman's March to the Sea. Tennessee, Georgia and Carolinas Sherman's personal escort on the march was the 1st Alabama Cavalry Regimenta unit made up entirely of Southerners who remained loyal to the Union.
The two wings of the army attempted to confuse and deceive the enemy about their destinations; the Confederates could not tell from the initial movements whether Sherman would march on MaconAugustaor Savannah.
Howard's wing, led by Kilpatrick's cavalry, marched south along the railroad to Lovejoy's Stationwhich caused the defenders there to conduct a fighting retreat to Macon. The cavalry captured two Confederate guns at Lovejoy's Station, and then two more and 50 prisoners at Bear Creek Station.
Howard's infantry marched through Jonesboro to Gordon, southwest of the state capital, Milledgeville. Slocum's wing, accompanied by Sherman, moved to the east, in the direction of Augusta.
They destroyed the bridge across the Oconee River and then turned south. Wheeler's cavalry struck Brig. Kilpatrick's, killing one, wounding two and capturing The infantry brigade of Brig. Walcutt arrived to stabilize the defense, and the division of Georgia militia launched several hours of badly coordinated attacks, eventually retreating with about 1, casualties of which about were prisonersversus the Union's At the same time, Slocum's left wing approached the state capital at Milledgeville, prompting the hasty departure of Governor Joseph Brown and the state legislature.
On November 23, Slocum's troops captured the city and held a mock legislative session in the capitol building, jokingly voting Georgia back into the Union.
Several small actions followed. Wheeler and some infantry struck in a rearguard action at Ball's Ferry on November 24 and November Overnight, Union engineers constructed a bridge 2 miles 3.
On November 25—26 at Sandersville, Wheeler struck at Slocum's advance guard. Kilpatrick was ordered to make a feint toward Augusta before destroying the railroad bridge at Brier Creek and moving to liberate the Camp Lawton prisoner of war camp at Millen.
Kilpatrick slipped by the defensive line that Wheeler had placed near Brier Creek, but on the night of November 26 Wheeler attacked and drove the 8th Indiana and 2nd Kentucky Cavalry away from their camps at Sylvan Grove. Kilpatrick abandoned his plans to destroy the railroad bridge and he also learned that the prisoners had been moved from Camp Lawton, so he rejoined the army at Louisville.
More Union troops entered the campaign from an unlikely direction. Foster dispatched 5, men and 10 guns under Brig. Smith's 1, Georgia militiamen, 3 miles 4.
Smith's militia fought off the Union attacks, and Hatch withdrew after suffering about casualties, versus Smith's Sherman's armies reached the outskirts of Savannah on December 10 but found that Hardee had entrenched 10, men in favorable fighting positions, and his soldiers had flooded the surrounding rice fields, leaving only narrow causeways available to approach the city.General Sherman's Official Account of His Great March to Georgia and the Chiefly from Private Sources, Relating to the Life and Activities of General William Tecumseh Sherman, to the Early Years of Louisiana State University, and the Stirring Conditions Existing Thanks of Congress to Major-General William T.
Sherman and command Buried: Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis, Missouri. Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, , by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union schwenkreis.comon: Georgia.
General Sherman's Official Account of His Great March to Georgia and the Chiefly from Private Sources, Relating to the Life and Activities of General William Tecumseh Sherman, to the Early Years of Louisiana State University, and the Stirring Conditions Existing Thanks of Congress to Major-General William T.
Sherman and command for Service/branch: United States Army, Union Army. Over 75, lessons in all major subjects. Sherman's March to the Sea.
while General William Tecumseh Sherman began the Atlanta campaign in early May. By September, he had captured the.
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